California Oil and Gas

COVER PHOTO: BLM California manages nearly 600 producing oil and gas leases covering more than 200,000 acres and 7,900 usable wells. Between 80% and 90% of all surface-disturbing activities related to oil and gas activities occur in the San Joaquin Valley on public lands administered by Central California District, Bakersfield Field Office. More than 95% of all Federal drilling occurs in established fields within the Kern County area of the San Joaquin Valley.

The oil and gas program in California is one of the more active in all of the western states, with 2013 onshore oil production figures ranking the State as the 3rd most productive state in the United States. In 2012, California was ranked as the 13th most productive natural gas producing state. BLM California is responsible for managing one of the most productive individual onshore leases in the lower 48 states, and four of the nation’s top seven producing oil fields are located in Kern County. As a general rule, California’s Federal production totals average approximately 8% -10% of California’s total oil and natural gas production.

MARINA, Calif. – The Bureau of Land Management has released its decision for oil and gas leasing and development in the BLM Central Coast Field Office planning area, primarily in Fresno, Monterey, and San Benito counties.

The BLM’s Record of Decision and Central Coast Field Office Approved Resource Management Plan Amendment for Oil and Gas Leasing and Development makes approximately 680,000 acres of Federal mineral estate available for leasing with controlled surface use stipulations and another roughly 42,000 acres available for leasing with no surface occupancy requirements. An additional 67,500 acres of Federal minerals are closed to leasing and development, including designated wilderness areas, wilderness study areas and national monuments. The BLM plan also supports recovery of threatened and endangered plants and animals in the Ciervo Panoche Natural Area by protecting core populations from surface disturbance.

This decision supports Executive Order 13783: Promoting Energy Independence and Economic Growth and Secretarial Order 3349: American Energy Independence.

The decision does not authorize any actual drilling for exploration or development of oil and gas resources. Any future proposals for leasing or development would be subject to additional environmental review based on site-specific project information and other requirements for consultation, coordination and public involvement. The Mineral Leasing Act of 1920 requires that the BLM hold quarterly lease sales when parcels are available, and to pay the state 50 percent of generated royalties. The BLM estimates that the oil and gas industry on private and public lands directly supports approximately 3,000 jobs and $620 million in tax revenue within the Central Coast Field Office jurisdiction.

California is highly developed, with some oilfields having been in production for more than 100 years. Less than one percent of oil and gas development is located on Federal minerals in the Central Coast Field Office planning area. The BLM anticipates most new oil and gas development within the planning area to occur in or near existing oilfields in Fresno County.

This decision also authorizes the BLM to issue, with controlled surface use stipulations, 14 previously litigated oil and gas leases in Monterey and San Benito counties. The decision addresses the issues identified by the District Court in litigation and fulfills BLM’s commitment to a settlement agreement to prepare a more detailed environmental analysis of the potential impacts of oil and gas development.  Issuance of the leases initiates a 30-day appeal period to the Interior Board of Land Appeals. More information about this planning effort and instructions for how to file an appeal is available online at: